Cinder cone

  • Cinder Cone
  • A steep conical hill of tephra (volcanic debris) that accumulates around and downwind from a volcanic vent.
Abstract from DBPedia
    A cinder cone or scoria cone is a steep conical hill of loose pyroclastic fragments, such as either volcanic clinkers, cinders, volcanic ash, or scoria that has been built around a volcanic vent. They consist of loose pyroclastic debris formed by explosive eruptions or lava fountains from a single, typically cylindrical, vent. As the gas-charged lava is blown violently into the air, it breaks into small fragments that solidify and fall as either cinders, clinkers, or scoria around the vent to form a cone that often is symmetrical; with slopes between 30-40°; and a nearly circular ground plan. Most cinder cones have a bowl-shaped crater at the summit.

    スコリア丘(-きゅう、英語: scoria cone)は、玄武岩質から安山岩質のマグマによる噴火活動により地表面にスコリア(岩滓。マグマが吹き上げられて飛散冷却してできる岩塊で、多孔質で黒っぽいもの)が放出され、火口の周りに積もって崖錐斜面をつくり、円錐台形の山を成したものを指す。小規模な火山の一種である。「噴石丘」とも言う。