|Abstract from DBPedia||
A famine is a widespread scarcity of food, caused by several factors including war, inflation, crop failure, population imbalance, or government policies. This phenomenon is usually accompanied or followed by regional malnutrition, starvation, epidemic, and increased mortality. Every inhabited continent in the world has experienced a period of famine throughout history. In the 19th and 20th century, it was generally Southeast and South Asia, as well as Eastern and Central Europe that suffered the most deaths from famine. The numbers dying from famine began to fall sharply from the 2000s. Some countries, particularly in sub-Saharan Africa, continue to have extreme cases of famine. Since 2010, Africa has been the most affected continent in the world. As of 2017, the United Nations has warned over 20 million are at risk in South Sudan, Somalia, Nigeria and Yemen. The distribution of food has been affected by conflict. Most programmes now direct their aid towards Africa.
飢饉（ききん、英: Famine）とは、何らかの要因により人々が飢え苦しむことを指す。狭義においては、一地域における死亡率を急激に上げるような極端な食料不足の事態を指すことが多い。主食とする農産物の大規模な不作を契機とする場合が多い。歴史上は長く戦乱や各国の領土拡張の理由ともなってきたが、1940 - 60年代の緑の革命による収量の増大、その後の輸送網の発達、21世紀に入ってからの国際的な人道援助の広がりなどによって飢饉の発生は大幅に減っている。