Protists

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  • Protists
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  • Protists are of the Kingdom Protista and are one of the diverse eukaryotes, single-celled species of which may resemble the first eukaryotic cells. at the present they are categorized by what they are not (not bacteria, fungi, plants, or animals).  
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Abstract from DBPedia
    Protists (/ˈproʊtᵻst/) are the members of an informal grouping of diverse eukaryotic organisms that are not animals, plants or fungi. They do not form a natural group, or clade, but are often grouped together for convenience, like algae or invertebrates. In some systems of biological classification, such as the popular 5-kingdom scheme proposed by Robert Whittaker in 1969, the protists make up a kingdom called Protista, composed of "organisms which are unicellular or unicellular-colonial and which form no tissues." Besides their relatively simple levels of organization, protists do not necessarily have much in common. When used, the term “protists” is now considered to mean similar-appearing but diverse phyla that are not related through an exclusive common ancestor, and that have different life cycles, trophic levels, modes of locomotion, and cellular structures. In the classification system of Lynn Margulis, the term protist is reserved for microscopic organisms, while the more inclusive term Protoctista is applied to a biological kingdom which includes certain large multicellular eukaryotes, such as kelp, red algae and slime molds. Other workers use the term protist more broadly, to encompass both microbial eukaryotes and macroscopic organisms that do not fit into the other traditional kingdoms. In cladistic systems, there are no equivalents to the taxa Protista or Protoctista, both terms referring to a paraphyletic group which spans the entire eukaryotic tree of life.In cladistic classification, the contents of Protista are distributed among various supergroups (SAR, Archaeplastida, Excavata, Opisthokonta, etc.) and "Protista", ''Protoctista'' and "Protozoa" are considered obsolete. However, there still remains some ambiguity about the position in the cladistic tree of some taxa – such as most excavata (metamonads, jakobids, Malawimonas and Collodictyon) and the term "protist" continues to be used informally as a catch-all term for Eukaryotic microorganisms – for example "protist pathogen" is used to denote any disease causing microbe which is not bacteria, virus, viroid or metazoa.

    原生生物(げんせいせいぶつ, Protist)とは、生物の分類の一つ。真核生物のうち、菌界にも植物界にも動物界にも属さない生物の総称である。もともとは、真核で単細胞の生物、および、多細胞でも組織化の程度の低い生物をまとめるグループとして考えられたものである。いくつかの分類体系の中に認められているが、その場合も単系統とは考えておらず、現在では認めないことが多い。

    (Source: http://dbpedia.org/resource/Protist)