Biomass

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  • Biomass
definition
  • Mass of biological material. Usually the total mass of a particular group or category; for example, the biomass of producer organisms. 
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Abstract from DBPedia
    Biomass is organic matter derived from living, or recently living organisms. Biomass can be used as a source of energy and it most often refers to plants or plant-based materials that are not used for food or feed, and are specifically called lignocellulosic biomass. As an energy source, biomass can either be used directly via combustion to produce heat, or indirectly after converting it to various forms of biofuel. Conversion of biomass to biofuel can be achieved by different methods which are broadly classified into: thermal, chemical, and biochemical methods.

    バイオマス (biomass) とは生態学で、特定の時点においてある空間に存在する生物(bio-)の量を、物質の量(mass)として表現したものである。通常、質量あるいはエネルギー量で数値化する。日本語では生物体量、生物量の語が用いられる。植物生態学などの場合には現存量(standing crop)の語が使われることも多い。転じて生物由来の資源を指すこともある。バイオマスを用いた燃料は、バイオ燃料(biofuel)またはエコ燃料 (ecofuel) と呼ばれている。

    (Source: http://dbpedia.org/resource/Biomass)

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