Scandinavia

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  • Scandinavia
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Abstract from DBPedia
    Scandinavia (/ˌskændɪˈneɪviə/ SKAN-di-NAY-vee-ə) is a subregion in Northern Europe, with strong historical, cultural, and linguistic ties between its constituent peoples. In English usage, Scandinavia most commonly refers to Denmark, Norway, and Sweden. It can sometimes also refer more narrowly to the Scandinavian Peninsula (which excludes Denmark but includes part of Finland), or more broadly to include Finland, Iceland, and the Faroe Islands. The geography of the region is varied, from the Norwegian fjords in the west and Scandinavian mountains covering parts of Norway and Sweden, to the low and flat areas of Denmark in the south, as well as archipelagos and lakes in the east. Most of the population in the region live in the more temperate southern regions, with the northern parts having cold and long winters. The region became notable during the Viking Age which lasted approximately 793–1066 AD. During this time, Scandinavian peoples participated in large scale raiding, conquest, colonization and trading mostly throughout Europe. They also utilized their longships for exploration, becoming the first Europeans to reach North America. These exploits saw the establishment of the North Sea Empire which comprised large parts of Scandinavia and Great Britain, though it was relatively short-lived. Scandinavia was eventually Christianized, and the coming centuries saw various unions of Scandinavian nations, most notably the Kalmar Union of Denmark, Norway and Sweden, which lasted for over 100 years until the Swedish king Gustav Vasa led Sweden to independence. It also saw numerous wars between the nations, which shaped the modern borders. The most recent union was the union between Sweden and Norway, which ended in 1905. In modern times the region has prospered, with the economies of the countries being amongst the strongest in Europe. Sweden, Denmark, Norway and Finland all maintain welfare systems considered to be generous, with the economic and social policies of the countries being dubbed the ″Nordic model″.

    スカンディナヴィア(英語: Scandinavia)は、ヨーロッパ北部のスカンディナヴィア半島周辺の地域。日本語ではスカンディナビア、スカンジナビア、スカンジナヴィアとも表記される。英語での発音はスキャンダネイヴィアに近い。

    (Source: http://dbpedia.org/resource/Scandinavia)

    Scandinavia (/ˌskændɪˈneɪviə/ SKAN-di-NAY-vee-ə) is a subregion in Northern Europe, with strong historical, cultural, and linguistic ties between its constituent peoples. In English usage, Scandinavia most commonly refers to Denmark, Norway, and Sweden. It can sometimes also refer more narrowly to the Scandinavian Peninsula (which excludes Denmark but includes part of Finland), or more broadly to include Finland, Iceland, and the Faroe Islands. The geography of the region is varied, from the Norwegian fjords in the west and Scandinavian mountains covering parts of Norway and Sweden, to the low and flat areas of Denmark in the south, as well as archipelagos and lakes in the east. Most of the population in the region live in the more temperate southern regions, with the northern parts having cold and long winters. The region became notable during the Viking Age which lasted approximately 793–1066 AD. During this time, Scandinavian peoples participated in large scale raiding, conquest, colonization and trading mostly throughout Europe. They also utilized their longships for exploration, becoming the first Europeans to reach North America. These exploits saw the establishment of the North Sea Empire which comprised large parts of Scandinavia and Great Britain, though it was relatively short-lived. Scandinavia was eventually Christianized, and the coming centuries saw various unions of Scandinavian nations, most notably the Kalmar Union of Denmark, Norway and Sweden, which lasted for over 100 years until the Swedish king Gustav Vasa led Sweden to independence. It also saw numerous wars between the nations, which shaped the modern borders. The most recent union was the union between Sweden and Norway, which ended in 1905. In modern times the region has prospered, with the economies of the countries being amongst the strongest in Europe. Sweden, Denmark, Norway and Finland all maintain welfare systems considered to be generous, with the economic and social policies of the countries being dubbed the ″Nordic model″.

    スカンディナヴィア半島(スカンディナヴィアはんとう、スウェーデン語: Skandinaviska halvön、 ノルウェー語: Den skandinaviske halvøy、 フィンランド語: Skandinavian niemimaa、 北部サーミ語: ?; ロシア語: Скандинавский полуостров、 Skandinavsky poluostrov)は、北ヨーロッパの半島。この半島はスウェーデンの主要部と、ノルウェーの主要部(ロシアとの国境地帯の小さな海岸地区を例外として)の大半、フィンランドの北西地域、そしてロシアのを含む。スカンジナビア半島、スカンディナビア半島、スカンジナヴィア半島とも表記される。 この半島の名前はスカンディナヴィアから来ており、この用語はデンマーク、ノルウェー、スウェーデンからなる文化圏を指す。この文化の名前はスカニアから来ている。これはデンマークの一部であった時代の半島の南端部の名前であり、現在スウェーデン領であるこの地域はデーン人の祖先の居住地であった。派生語である"Scandinavian"と言う用語はまた、北ゲルマン語群を話すゲルマン人を指し、北ゲルマン語群は古ノルド語から派生した方言連続体であると考えられている。現代のスカンディナヴィアで使用される北ゲルマン語群はデンマーク語、ノルウェー語、そしてスウェーデン語であり、これに加えてフェロー語とアイスランド語が同一の言語グループに属する。しかし、フェロー語とアイスランド語は現代のスカンディナヴィアの諸言語と方言連続体にはなっておらず、相互の理解は不可能である(実際にはフェロー語話者とアイスランド語話者はデンマーク語の教育を受けているが)。 スカンディナヴィア半島はバルカン半島、イベリア半島やイタリア半島よりも大きく、ヨーロッパ最大の半島である。氷期の間、大西洋の海水面が大きく下がり、バルト海、ボスニア湾、そしてフィンランド湾は消失した。そのため、ドイツ、ポーランド、バルト諸国、スカンディナヴィア諸国のような、これらの海を取り巻く現代の国々の領域は地続きになっていた。

    (Source: http://dbpedia.org/resource/Scandinavia)