Topography

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  • Topography
definition
  • The general configuration of the land surface, including its relief and the position of its natural features.
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Abstract from DBPedia
    Topography is the study of the shape and features of the surface of the Earth and other observable astronomical objects including planets, moons, and asteroids. The topography of an area could refer to the surface shapes and features themselves, or a description (especially their depiction in maps). This field of geoscience and planetary science is concerned with local detail in general, including not only relief but also natural and artificial features, and even local history and culture. This meaning is less common in the United States, where topographic maps with elevation contours have made "topography" synonymous with relief. The older sense of topography as the study of place still has currency in Europe. Topography in a narrow sense involves the recording of relief or terrain, the three-dimensional quality of the surface, and the identification of specific landforms. This is also known as geomorphometry. In modern usage, this involves generation of elevation data in digital form (DEM). It is often considered to include the graphic representation of the landform on a map by a variety of techniques, including contour lines, hypsometric tints, and relief shading.

    地誌学(ちしがく)はある特定された地域内における地理学的事象を自然・人文両方の見地から研究する学問である。地誌学の研究対象は当該地域の政治、経済、産業、法制度、社会、文化、民俗、地形、水文、気候等広範な分野に及ぶ。地誌学のうち特に地域の地形、水文、気候等自然を研究対象としたものを地域地理学と呼び、地球科学の一分野と位置づけられる。

    (Source: http://dbpedia.org/resource/Topography)

data publication(s) found by GCMD Science Keywords)