|Abstract from DBPedia||
Diffusion is the net movement of molecules or atoms from a region of high concentration (or high chemical potential) to a region of low concentration (or low chemical potential). This is also referred to as the movement of a substance down a concentration gradient. A gradient is the change in the value of a quantity (e.g., concentration, pressure, temperature) with the change in another variable (usually distance). For example, a change in concentration over a distance is called a concentration gradient, a change in pressure over a distance is called a pressure gradient, and a change in temperature over a distance is a called a temperature gradient. The word diffusion derives from the Latin word, diffundere, which means "to spread out" (a substance that “spreads out” is moving from an area of high concentration to an area of low concentration). A distinguishing feature of diffusion is that it results in mixing or mass transport, without requiring bulk motion (bulk flow). Thus, diffusion should not be confused with convection, or advection, which are other transport phenomena that utilize bulk motion to move particles from one place to another.
拡散（かくさん、独、英、仏: Diffusion) とは、粒子、熱、運動量などが自発的に散らばり広がる物理現象である。この現象は着色した水を無色の水に滴下したとき、煙が空気中に広がるときなど、日常よく見られる。これらは、化学反応や外力ではなく、流体の乱雑な運動の結果として起こるものである。